Until 1864, students in the Kemptville region of Yarmouth County, Nova Scotia had received their entire education in one school. In that year, pursuant to the Education Act which laid the groundwork for Nova Scotia's free public school system, the area was divided into five school sections. One of the new sections thus created was based in the community of North Kempt, and was designated as School Section Number 32 in the District of Yarmouth (North Kempt became commonly known as North Kemptville during the early 1900s, a change reflected in the name of the school section). Each school section was responsible for establishing and maintaining a school house, the operation of which was to be overseen by a board of trustees, with the necessary funds being provided through compulsory assessment (taxation) of the school section's residents and provincial government grants. Trustees were elected for three year terms at annual meetings of a school section's ratepayers and were responsible for holding all school property, employing and maintaining teachers, making regular visits to the school, looking after school facilities and equipment, summoning regular meetings of the ratepayers of the school section, filing returns with the divisional inspector, making arrangements for the conveyance of pupils, and, in later years, enforcing the Public Health Act in schools. Not all sections built school houses or organized boards of trustees right away, however. It is uncertain when the North Kemptville school section opened its school house, but attendance registers dating back to 1888 have been found. Pursuant to the Education Act, the North Kemptville school section's board of trustees operated as a body corporate under the title "Trustees of School Section Number 32 in the District of Yarmouth". Following the establishment of municipal school boards, responsible for the financial administration of schools in rural municipalities, in the 1940s, the word "District" was replaced with "Municipality". This move to the "larger school unit" was a response to the difficulties which many rural school sections had encountered in meeting their operating costs. School sections retained responsibility for capital expenditures, but soaring public school enrolments in the 1950s, accompanied, paradoxically, by the continuation of the long, steady decline in the province's rural population, made Nova Scotia's costly profusion of small rural schools increasingly unattractive to the provincial government's Department of Education. Furthermore, the construction of better rural roads, which could be kept open throughout the winter, and the increased availability of reliable school buses made feasible the transportation of students to larger, centralized schools. These factors sealed the fate of most of Nova Scotia's small rural school houses, such as North Kemptville's, and of the sectional boards which had operated them. The local boards of trustees' powers were steadily eroded during the 1940s and 1950s as increased responsibilities were given to municipal school boards, and many small school houses closed as larger "consolidated," or "district" schools were opened. The North Kemptville school house remained in operation until 1958, when its students were transferred to the new Carleton Consolidated School. At the time of the North Kemptville school's closure, seventeen students from the elementary grades were being taught in its single classroom, although junior and senior high school students had also been in attendance as recently as the early 1950s. The board of trustees remained in operation until the time of the school's closure.