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Authority record

Raymond, Harry H., 1863-1936

  • Person
  • 1863-1936

Harry H. Raymond was born in Hebron, Yarmouth County, Nova Scotia on 16 December 1864, the son of Samuel Flint and Margaret H. Clements. He received his early education at Yarmouth Academy. In 1884 he moved to the United States and began working in shipping as a steamship clerk for the St. Johns River Transit Company. He became an American citizen in 1892 and served in the United States Naval Reserve in the Spanish American War. Several years later he worked as a purser on board the Mallory Line steamship State of Texas and in 1915 became the president of the Mallory and Clyde Steamship Company, New York. During World War I, he was appointed to the Council of National Defense and in 1918 was made vice chair of the Shipping Control Committee of the United States Shipping Board, which led him on trips throughout Europe. In 1919 he was named to the National Order of the Legion of Honour of France. He was a member of the Metropolitan Club, the New York Yacht Club and the India House Club. He married Nellie Dalgreen of New York, who was the widow of his brother Josiah S. Raymond. He and Nellie raised her son Josiah Raymond. The couple retained a large summer home in Hebron which became renowned for its social gatherings. Harry Raymond died on 27 December 1936 at his Hebron home.

Wyman, Wilfred, b. 1869

  • Person

Wilfred Wyman was born on 21 May 1869 in Chebogue, Yarmouth County. In 1895 he married Florence Nightingale Gravel. Wyman first went to sea in 1882 and later earned his Master's papers and commanded British steamers on voyages around the world, employed by the Canadian National Steamships Ltd. until ca. 1936. Between ca.1895 and 1915 he and his family ran a produce business, selling fruit, eggs, and butter to local residents. The family had a hot-house on their farm at Chebogue Point, which they used to grow much of their produce.

Wyman, Wilfred A., 1896-1917

  • Person
  • 1896-1917

Wilfred A. Wyman was the son of Wilfred (b. 1869) and Florence Nightingale Gravel of Yarmouth, Nova Scotia, and the brother of Maynard and Iona. He was born in 1896 and joined the army in the summer of 1915. He was first sent to Quebec for training and then England and was finally sent to France as a machine gunner with the 25th Battalion of the Canadian Infantry (Nova Scotia Regiment). He was wounded several times and spent considerable time in British vet hospitals. Wilfred was killed in action on 6 November 1917. He is buried in the Ypres Memorial in Belgium.

Trustees of School Section Number 7 in the District of Yarmouth (Chegoggin, N.S.)

  • Corporate body
  • 1864-

For most Nova Scotians, particularly those residing in rural areas such as Chegoggin, Yarmouth County, 1864 marked a turning point in the provision of accessible public education. In that year, the provincial government introduced a new Education Act, which, with amendments passed in 1865 and 1866, established Nova Scotia's "free" school system, so-called because, under this new system, public schools no longer charged tuition or attendance fees to students, but instead were supported by compulsory local assessment (taxation) and provincial government grants. Pursuant to the Education Act, the jurisdictions of Nova Scotia's Boards of School Commissioners were clarified and confirmed. These jurisdictions, identified as "school districts", were based, in most cases, on county boundaries, although some larger and more populous counties contained more than one school district. The school districts were, in turn, divided into school sections, with each section being responsible for establishing and maintaining a school, the operation of which was to be overseen by a board of trustees. The board of trustees, then, was the smallest unit of school administration, below district boards of school commissioners and the provincial government's Council of Public Instruction and Superintendent of Education. Trustees were elected for three year terms at annual meetings of a school section's ratepayers and were responsible for holding all school property, employing and maintaining teachers, making regular visits to the school, looking after school facilities and equipment, summoning regular meetings of the ratepayers of the school section, filing returns with the divisional inspector, making arrangements for the conveyance of pupils, and, in later years, enforcing the Public Health Act in schools. Provincial legislation allowing for local boards of school trustees and the support of local schools through assessment had actually been in place for decades previous to 1864, but because the laws had been permissive and not compulsory, their application had been erratic, and in much of Nova Scotia, particularly in rural areas, public schools were either inadequate or non-existent. As a consequence, earlier efforts to identify units of local school administration had been fairly unsuccessful, and great efforts were expended during the mid-1860s in drawing the boundaries of school sections to ensure that the entire province was effectively covered. Not all sections complied immediately with new legislation, however. In Chegoggin, it appears that no serious efforts to erect a school were undertaken until 1869, when some local residents met and decided that their community needed a school house. A notice was circulated within the community soliciting donations. Not enough money was raised, however, so the group voted to assess the section for the amount required to build a school (which was what the Education Act required, in any case). Money began to be raised as some residents payed the tax and the group began to purchase building supplies. In 1881 the school was still under construction. Pursuant to the Education Act, the Chegoggin school section's board of trustees operated as a body corporate under the title "Trustees of School Section Number 7 in the District of Yarmouth". It should be noted that the Chegoggin School Section was later re-numbered 36 (the school section set off to encompass the newly incorporated town of Yarmouth in 1890 was eventually designated as section number 7). During the first decade of the twentieth century, however, this section was dissolved and replaced by two new sections, designated as North and South Chegoggin, sections numbers 12 and 10 respectively.

C.G. Lurcher (ship)

  • Corporate body
  • 1906-1969

A lightship was stationed at Lurcher Shoal, Yarmouth County, Nova Scotia, to assist in the safe guiding of passing vessels. A point of land did not exist to support a light house so a vessel with a light was moored near the shoal. The first lightship, Lurcher No. 14 began service circa 1906, commanded by Captain Fred Nickerson. In 1951 the first lightship was replaced by No. 2, commanded by Captain Leazon Maillet. Since that time vessels were repeatedly replaced: 1959, Lightship No. 2; 1960 Lightship No. 4 (launched originally as the Cartaraqui). In 1969 the last of the lightships at Lurcher Shoal, and the last in Canada, was retired. An automatic buoy replaced the vessel. Following the retirement of the last Lurcher the vessel was used for various Canadian Coast guard training and exercises. In 1995 the Canadian built vessel was sold to an American company.

Thomas Killam (Barque)

  • Corporate body
  • 1855-1866

The barque Thomas Killam was built at Yarmouth, N.S., in 1855 by Dennis Horton. It was owned by numerous local merchants, including John Killam Ryerson. Captains of the vessel included Amos Crosby and Henry Payne. The vessel was abandoned in the North Atlantic on 30 March 1866 on a voyage from Antwerp to New York with a cargo of sundries. During a bad storm the ship sprung a leak and the vessel began to take on water. The crew abandoned ship. All hands were saved, however the vessel was lost.

Trustees of School Section Number 32 in the Municipality of Yarmouth (North Kemptville, N.S.)

  • Corporate body
  • 1864-

Until 1864, students in the Kemptville region of Yarmouth County, Nova Scotia had received their entire education in one school. In that year, pursuant to the Education Act which laid the groundwork for Nova Scotia's free public school system, the area was divided into five school sections. One of the new sections thus created was based in the community of North Kempt, and was designated as School Section Number 32 in the District of Yarmouth (North Kempt became commonly known as North Kemptville during the early 1900s, a change reflected in the name of the school section). Each school section was responsible for establishing and maintaining a school house, the operation of which was to be overseen by a board of trustees, with the necessary funds being provided through compulsory assessment (taxation) of the school section's residents and provincial government grants. Trustees were elected for three year terms at annual meetings of a school section's ratepayers and were responsible for holding all school property, employing and maintaining teachers, making regular visits to the school, looking after school facilities and equipment, summoning regular meetings of the ratepayers of the school section, filing returns with the divisional inspector, making arrangements for the conveyance of pupils, and, in later years, enforcing the Public Health Act in schools. Not all sections built school houses or organized boards of trustees right away, however. It is uncertain when the North Kemptville school section opened its school house, but attendance registers dating back to 1888 have been found. Pursuant to the Education Act, the North Kemptville school section's board of trustees operated as a body corporate under the title "Trustees of School Section Number 32 in the District of Yarmouth". Following the establishment of municipal school boards, responsible for the financial administration of schools in rural municipalities, in the 1940s, the word "District" was replaced with "Municipality". This move to the "larger school unit" was a response to the difficulties which many rural school sections had encountered in meeting their operating costs. School sections retained responsibility for capital expenditures, but soaring public school enrolments in the 1950s, accompanied, paradoxically, by the continuation of the long, steady decline in the province's rural population, made Nova Scotia's costly profusion of small rural schools increasingly unattractive to the provincial government's Department of Education. Furthermore, the construction of better rural roads, which could be kept open throughout the winter, and the increased availability of reliable school buses made feasible the transportation of students to larger, centralized schools. These factors sealed the fate of most of Nova Scotia's small rural school houses, such as North Kemptville's, and of the sectional boards which had operated them. The local boards of trustees' powers were steadily eroded during the 1940s and 1950s as increased responsibilities were given to municipal school boards, and many small school houses closed as larger "consolidated," or "district" schools were opened. The North Kemptville school house remained in operation until 1958, when its students were transferred to the new Carleton Consolidated School. At the time of the North Kemptville school's closure, seventeen students from the elementary grades were being taught in its single classroom, although junior and senior high school students had also been in attendance as recently as the early 1950s. The board of trustees remained in operation until the time of the school's closure.

Trustees of School Section Number 3 in the Municipality of Yarmouth (Arcadia, N.S.)

  • Corporate body
  • 1864-

The first school house at Arcadia, Yarmouth County, Nova Scotia was built in 1775. Upon the building of the Free Baptist Church in 1835, the old meeting house was taken over to be used as a school house. Another school house was eventually erected, but it was destroyed by fire and a new school building was constructed during the years 1860 to 1864. The completion of Arcadia's new school coincided with the introduction of a new provincial Education Act which laid the groundwork for Nova Scotia's free public school system and established the jurisidictions of Nova Scotia's Boards of School Commissioners. These jurisidictions, identified as school districts, were generally based on county boundaries. The school districts were, in turn, divided into school sections. The community of Arcadia was designated as School Section Number 3 in the District of Yarmouth. Each school section was responsible for establishing and maintaining a school house, the operation of which was to be overseen by a board of trustees, with the necessary funds being provided through compulsory assessment of the school section's residents and provincial government grants. Trustees were elected for three year terms and were responsible for holding all school property, employing and maintaining teachers, making regular visits to the school, looking after school facilities and equipment, summoning regular meetings of the ratepayers of the school section, filing returns with the divisional inspector, making arrangements for the conveyance of pupils, and enforcing the Public Health Act. Following the establishment of municipal school boards, the word "District" was replaced with "Municipality". This move to the "larger school unit" was a response to the difficulties which many rural school sections had encountered in meeting their operating costs however school sections retained responsibility for capital expenditures. During the 1940s and 1950s the local boards of trustees' powers steadily eroded as increased responsibilities were given to municipal school boards, and many small school houses closed as larger "consolidated," or "district" schools were opened. The Arcadia's village school house remained in operation until 1958, when its students were transferred to the new Arcadia Consolidated School.

Canada. Postmaster (Yarmouth, N.S.)

  • Corporate body
  • 1807-1954

The Yarmouth Postmaster was responsible for the smooth and efficient delivery of the mail in Yarmouth, Nova Scotia. Yarmouth's first postmaster was Dr. Henry G. Farish who served in that position from 1807-1856. During much of Farish's tenure, Nova Scotia's mails were under the jurisdiction of Britain's Imperial Postmaster General, with provincial postal services being overseen by a Deputy Postmaster General. In 1851, however, responsibility for Nova Scotia's postal service passed to the provincial government, and a provincial Postmaster General was appointed. Under the terms of the 1867 British North America Act, Canada's new federal government assumed responsibility for all postal services in the Dominion. In April, 1868, the newly-created federal Post Office Department took over all postal operations across Canada. The post office in Yarmouth continued to operate under federal jurisdiction, with its postmasters being appointed by the Canadian government. In June 1954, the system in Yarmouth changed from a centralized post office with boxes for recipients, to free mail carrier service and mailbox pick up. Postmasters at the time of this change were C.P. Dunn, and Edward E. McBride.

United States. Consulate (Yarmouth, N.S.)

  • Corporate body

The United States Consulate in Yarmouth, Nova Scotia was the local representative of the U.S. government for that region. Duties of the officer in charge at the Consulate included maintaining a record of American citizens residing locally.

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