Showing 4151 results

Authority record

MacMillan, A.S.

  • microfilm reel 10,893
  • Person
  • 1870-1955

Alexander Stirling MacMillan, contractor, builder, lumberman, and politician, was born 31 October 1870 at Upper South River, Antigonish Co., N.S., the son of Allan and Euphemia Ann (Gunn) MacMillian. He was president of Fundy Construction Co. and held varous public offices including MLA for Digby Co., 1928-1933; Hants Co., 1933-1945; House of Assembly opposition leader, 1931-1933; member of Legislative Council, 1928; and minister of highways and public works, 1925-1933. MacMillan served as premier of Nova Scotia from 10 July 1940 to 8 September 1945. He was also provincial secretary 1940-1945, chairman of the Highways Board and the Nova Scotia Power Commission, and active in several civic organizations including the North British Society. He died 7 August 1955 at Halifax.

Dennis, Agnes

  • microfilm reel 10,219
  • Person
  • 1859-1947

Agnes Miller was born 11 April 1859 at Truro, N.S., the daughter of Alexander and Sarah (Archibald) Miller. She attended Truro's Model and Normal Schools and taught at the Model School for two years prior to her marriage in 1878 to William Dennis, later owner and publisher of the Halifax Herald and senator. The couple had four sons and six daughters. Dennis began her public work in 1903, serving as president of the Halifax Victorian Order of Nurses for forty-three years. She was also a charter member and president of the Halifax Local Council of Women, 1905-1920, and executive member of its national council. Through the LCW, she assisted in organizing the Nova Scotia Provincial Red Cross Society and served as president, 1914-1920. Other organizations in which she actively participated include the Women's Auxiliary, YMCA 1910-1921, Halifax Relief Committee, Canadian Council of Immigration of Women, and Nova Scotia Provincial Girl Guides. She was also president of Halifax Herald Limited. Dennis received several national and international awards for her achievements including the Belgian Order of Queen Elizabeth (1919), Commander of the British Empire (CBE, 1934), King's Silver Jubilee Medal (1935) and honourary degrees from Acadia (MA, 1920) and Dalhousie (LLD, 1940). She died at Halifax on 21 April 1947.

Cautley, Richard W.

  • album-of-photographs-illustrating-report-to-commissioner-of-national-parks
  • Person
  • 1873-1953

Richard W. Cautley was born at Ipswich England in 1873. He came to Canada at the age of 17, and was employed by a surveying firm in British Columbia. Later, he went north into the Klondike at the time of the gold rush and was engaged in the recording and inspection of mineral claim surveys. After the Klondike Gold Rush, Cautley moved to Edmonton, AB, where he formed the land surveying firm of Cautley and Cote. Later, he went into partnership with his brother Reginald Hutton Cautley. Between 1913 and 1924, Mr. Cautley was engaged as one of the commissioners of the survey of the Alberta-British Columbia boundary. He then moved to Ottawa to work for the former Department of the Interior. He was responsible for the survey work of many of the national park sites in the Maritime provinces. He died in Victoria, British Columbia on September 13, 1953.

Cogswell, A.R.

  • accession 1992-414
  • Person
  • 1860-ca. 1936

Alfred Robie Cogswell was born 1 February 1860 at Halifax, N.S., the eldest son of Alfred C. Cogswell, D.D.S. and Sarah (Parker). He was a mechanical engineer and resided in Lidell, Napa County, Calif. in the mid-1880s before returning to Halifax where he was listed as an electrician and superintendent at Halifax Illuminating and Motor Company, ca. 1890-1895. In 1895 he opened a professional photography studio and supply store at 253 Pleasant Street, Halifax, under the name A.R. Cogswell. In 1902 he was listed with Maritime Photo Supply. By the following year, Cogwell's business was called A.R. Cogswell and Co., "The Electric Studio", and was located at 103 Granville Street. In 1919 Cogswell sold his studio to E.L. Lydiard and C.F. Ring. He and his wife, Huldah Sarah Oland (1853-ca. 1936), daughter of John James Dunn Oland and Susannah Oland of England, were married 20 September 1886 at Dartmouth, N.S. After the sale of Cogswells studio, the couple moved to Daytona Beach and died there ca. 1936.

Cornwall, A.E.

  • accession 1984-497
  • Person
  • 1868-1958

Arthur Edward Cornwell was born on 11 February 1868 in Sandy Cove, Nova Scotia, the youngest of three children born to Edmund and Matilda (Burns) Cornwell. When he was young his family moved to Deep Brook, Annapolis County, where his father died intestate in 1890. Arthur then had to take care of his family; his father's estate was divided between him and his mother by 1902. The documents from this time make a clear reference to the fact that he had a dark room under the stairs. On 3 November 1897 he married Esther Cordelia Currell of Centrelea, Annapolis County. He changed his name from Cornwell to Cornwall between the 1901 census and the birth of his daughter, Anne Ruth, in 1905. He and his wife had two other children: Freda May (1899-1908) and Arthur Basil (1912-1998). He was a noted photographer in Hantsport, Nova Scotia. In 1911 Arthur Cornwall went west to try homesteading in Alberta, but returned to Nova Scotia by Christmas of that year. He returned to Alberta in 1915 to do further work but by 1920 had lost his holdings. He spent the remainder of his life in Hantsport, moving to his daughter's home in 1957. He died on 6 March 1958 in Centreville, New Brunswick and was buried in Hantsport, Nova Scotia.

Hawkins, A.C.

  • accession 1982-450 / 001
  • Person
  • 1861-1926

Dr. Arthur Charles Hawkins, son of Charles A. Hawkins and Charlotte (Simpson) Hawkins, was born at Avondale (Newport Landing), N.S. in 1861. He attended Halifax Medical College and Dalhousie, completing his studies at McGill University, where he obtained his MD in 1885. He settled in Halifax where he was appointed house surgeon at the Provincial and City Hospital by the Commission of Public Charities, 1885-1886. He then served as coroner for Halifax County and later held positions as medical officer with the Immigration Branch of the Department of the Interior and as attending surgeon at Victoria General Hospital. Hawkins served as Halifax City alderman for ward six, 1897-1908. He lost the election for mayor in 1908 but was returned to the Council as alderman for ward five, 1911-1913. He was mayor of Halifax, 1918-1919, but was defeated in the 1919 election and again in the mayoralty election of 1920. A former Liberal Party supporter, he ran unsuccessfully for the Labour Party in the 1921 federal election in the dual riding of Halifax. Hawkins was also active in the field of public health, as well as community organizations aimed at helping the poor. He opened his home to assist victims of the Halifax Explosion in 1917. Married to Caroline (Cassie) McLelan Spike, they had six children: Gertrude (Dolly), Rupert, Dorothy, Arthur, Mary Caroline (Carol), and James ("Pete"). Hawkins died 19 March 1926 at Halifax.

Robin, Jones, and Whitman Ltd.

  • RJW
  • Corporate body
  • 1765-2006

Robin, Jones and Whitman Ltd., originally known as The Robin, Pipon Company,was established in 1765 at Arichat, Nova Scotia by John Robin of Jersey, England. With his brother Charles, John obtained the grant for the southwest half of Cheticamp Island, then secured the rest of the island shortly after establishing a second trading post there in 1767, known as La Pointe. It was here that the truck system of credit came into use in Cape Breton, as the Robins gave some fishermen goods on credit which would be paid off the next year in fish.

Manpower was one of the major issues that the Robins encountered as they worked to establish their trading posts, and so they made steps to increase the permanent population of the area. By 1774, the business was being handled by two separate companies; the Robin, Pipon Company was operating out of Gaspe while Robin and Company was operating out of Cape Breton. The three Robin brothers, John, Charles, and Philip, each had equal shares in the two firms and they were very prosperous.

The American War of Independence in 1776, however, would almost bankrupt the company. The Gut of Canso was raided by the notorious American naval officer, John Paul Jones, and the Robins had a great deal of capital invested in their ships which were not armed and thus easily captured by Jones. The loss of the ships' cargoes was equally unfortunate, especially because, due to the fact that attacks happened on land and not sea, only one third of the loss was covered by insurance.

Jones had not touched any of the Robin buildings or shallops at Arichat, however, and the company resumed its operations again in 1777, sending out new ships with the guaranteed protection of the Royal Navy. The Robins had suffered great loss but were able to maintain their establishments in North America due to their investment in one of the most successful privateering ships of the war, the Sprightly, which captured a prize worth 35,000 pounds.

In the 1780s, Robin and Company was renamed the Philip Robin Company (PRC) with Philip, John, Charles and an outside investor, John Fiott, each holding one-quarter shares in the company. The day to day operations of the company were put in the hands of an agent on Cape Breton Island.

During the 1870s, the small fishing and trading establishments at Arichat and Cheticamp merged with the Charles Robin Company in Gaspé. By 1877 they reported having 15 posts in three provinces exporting a combined 90 000 to 100 000 quintals of fish every year. In addition, the company owned 14 sea-going vessels, and directly employed over 200 men. At that time, Charles Robin Company was directed by Raulin Robin (Naples) who owned 63% of the company. In January 1886, however, the Jersey Banking Company failed and the Robin family was forced into liquidation. As a result, the Robins ceased honouring their credit obligations in Gaspé, causing great distress among the fishing population dependent upon them. The crisis was resolved when three Jersey men agreed to take over the firm and meet all of its debts and obligations. On March, 1886 the Robin family terminated its involvement with the company founded over 120 years earlier.

The Company, then under the management of Elias Collas, became limited as Charles Robin Collas and Company. The new proprietors carried on the business as before. In 1910, however, Collas and his partners sold out of Nova Scotian interests and the firm underwent another name change, becoming Robin, Jones, and Whitman Ltd. with headquarters in Halifax. In 1984 the Robin Company still existed but no longer dealt in fish, operating instead as a chain of general stores with headquarters at Paspebiac, Quebec. The company closed its doors for the last time in 2006 due to financial strains.

Nova Scotia. Department of Provincial Secretary

  • RG 7
  • Corporate body
  • 1720-

The Provincial Secretary, first appointed in 1720, was responsible for all government record-keeping and for conducting all official correspondence. As a high-ranking minister, the Provincial Secretary was, until 1792, always a member of the Council and, from 1848, always a member of the Cabinet. From 1878 onwards the post was held on an ex officio basis by the Premier and, until 1946, the Provincial Secretary was also the Provincial Treasurer (Minister of Finance). Under the modern Public Service Act the Provincial Secretary became a department of government, responsible for the administration of numerous acts and for all other matters not specifically assigned to a minister. In 1980 the department's responsibilities were distributed among the Departments of Government Services (later Supply and Services), Consumer Affairs and Attorney General (now Justice). In 1993 all residual responsibilities of the Provincial Secretary were transferred to the Department of Justice. The Provincial Secretary as a department of the public service continues to exist statutorily if in no other sense.

Nova Scotia. Lieutenant Governor

  • RG 5
  • Corporate body
  • 1719-1986

From 1719 to 1786 the Lieutenant Governor served as deputy to the Governor and acted as chief executive during the Governor's absence or indisposition. The office of Lieutenant Governor was made redundant in 1786, when the Governor's rank was reduced to that of Lieutenant Governor, which it has remained ever since.

Nova Scotia. Department of Lands and Forests

  • RG 20
  • Corporate body
  • 1926-1991

In 1926 the Commissioner of Crown Lands and the Commissioner of Forests and Game were combined in the Department of Lands and Forests, of which the Attorney General became minister. The department was responsible for managing, leasing, selling or otherwise disposing of crown lands; conserving and protecting all forests and timberlands, whether publicly or privately owned; and protecting, preserving and encouraging the natural increase of game and game fish. The attorney general remained minister of lands and forests until 1947, when the department received its own minister. In 1987 a new Crown Lands Act was passed and department made responsible for the acquisition, registration, survey and sale or disposition of crown lands as well as their administration, utilization, protection and management, including access to and travel on them, habitats for the maintenance and protection of wildlife, harvesting and renewal of timber resources and forest recreation. In 1991 the Departments of Lands and Forests and Mines and Energy merged to form the Department of Natural Resources.

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