A.C. Hawkins fonds

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A.C. Hawkins fonds

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Fonds

Reference code

Accession 1982-450.

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Date(s)

  • 1836-1937, predominant 1885-1925 (Creation)
    Creator
    Hawkins, Arthur Charles

Physical description area

Physical description

18 cm of textual records

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Name of creator

(1861-1926)

Biographical history

Arthur Charles Hawkins was a physician and mayor of Halifax during the 1918 influenza pandemic, and is credited with being a key influence in keeping Nova Scotia's death rate comparably low. The son of Charles A. Hawkins and Charlotte (Simpson) Hawkins, he was born at Avondale (Newport Landing), Nova Scotia, in 1861. He attended Halifax Medical College and Dalhousie, completing his studies at McGill University, where he obtained his MD in 1885. He settled in Halifax and was appointed house surgeon at the Provincial and City Hospital by the Commission of Public Charities from 1885-1886. He later served as coroner for Halifax County and held positions as medical officer with the Immigration Branch of the Department of the Interior and attending surgeon at Victoria General Hospital. Hawkins was a Halifax City alderman for ward six from 1897-1908. He lost the election for mayor in 1908, but was returned to Council as alderman for ward five from 1911-1913. In 1918-1919 he was mayor of Halifax, but was defeated in the 1919 election and again in the mayoralty election of 1920. A former Liberal Party supporter, he ran unsuccessfully for the Labour Party in the 1921 federal election in Halifax. Hawkins was active in public health, as well as community organizations aimed at helping the poor. He opened his home to assist victims of the Halifax Explosion in 1917. He was married to Caroline (Cassie) McLelan Spike, with whom he had six children: Gertrude (Dolly), Rupert, Dorothy, Arthur, Mary Caroline (Carol), and James ("Pete"). Hawkins died on 19 March 1926.

Custodial history

Records were donated in 1982 by Hawkins' grandson, Dr. Henry Roper of Halifax, who had found them previously among his late mother's personal effects. Dr. Roper's mother, Carol (Hawkins) Roper, was the youngest daughter of A.C. Hawkins.

Scope and content

Fonds consists of correspondence and other records created and accumulated by Hawkins, relating to his career in medicine in Halifax and his political and personal activities. Includes correspondence concerning his medical appointments, patients and their conditions, and cases of professional misconduct; letters and legal documents concerning Supreme Court cases, Hawkins v. Snow and Hawkins v. McNally. Also includes family correspondence between Hawkins and his sister Annabel (Hawkins) Brehaut, letters from siblings Giles and Ella, letters from Hawkins to his children, and letters to and from acquaintances; deeds and other legal records concerning Hawkins' property on Gottingen Street and the related court case; correspondence, report, and other items regarding Hawkins' activities as mayor, including a draft letter discussing the Halifax Explosion; medical examinations and certificates; receipts; newspaper clippings; notes; miscellaneous items relating to Hawkins' involvement in political party associations; and estate papers pertaining to Charles and Charlotte Hawkins.

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Associated materials

Dalhousie University Archives also has an Arthur Charles Hawkins fonds which consists of admission tickets to the various hospitals and medical schools where he studied. The tickets were used for admission to lectures or hospital wards.

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