Halifax (N.S.: County). County Jail

Identity area

Type of entity

Corporate body

Authorized form of name

Halifax (N.S.: County). County Jail

Parallel form(s) of name

Standardized form(s) of name according to other rules

Other form(s) of name

Identifiers for corporate bodies

Description area

Dates of existence

[c. 1860] - 1969


The County Jail was established in about 1860 directly behind the County Court House on Spring Garden Road. A joint expenditure of the City of Halifax, the Town of Dartmouth, and the County of Halifax, as of the 1950s, the facility operated until 1969 when the Halifax County Correctional Facility was built in Lower Sackville. The Halifax-Dartmouth Regional Authority took over operation of the jail and the City Prison in January 1967.

It is unclear if the jail remained in a separate building for the duration of this period or if it was moved to the basement of the Court House following renovations planned for the late 1950s or 1960s. Inmates of the County Jail included men and women either serving sentences or awaiting trial and included both criminals and debtors. Inmates also came from all levels of the court system. Individuals convicted of serious crimes were usually sent to the provincial penitentiary on the North West Arm (and then Dorchester after confederation), while short sentences were served at the City Prison. The County Jail is known to have employed a jailor, matron, turnkeys, and a visiting physician.


Legal status

Functions, occupations and activities

Mandates/sources of authority

Internal structures/genealogy

General context

Relationships area

Related entity

Halifax (N.S.: County). County Council (1879 - 1996)

Identifier of the related entity

Category of the relationship


Type of relationship

Halifax (N.S.: County). County Council

is the superior of

Halifax (N.S.: County). County Jail

Dates of the relationship

Description of relationship

Access points area

Subject access points

Place access points


Control area

Authority record identifier

Institution identifier

HRM Archives

Rules and/or conventions used

24.18|County council minutes and reports, 1921.


Level of detail

Dates of creation, revision and deletion




Ware, Beverley. "Old bastille now jailhouse rock: Sackville jail being torn down to make room for new medical facility." Daily News, April 23, 2006, in Virtual News Library NewScan (accessed 12 November 2008).
Fingard, Judith, Janet Guildford, and David Sutherland. Halifax: The First 250 Years. Halifax: Formac, 1999, 77.
Halifax-Dartmouth Regional Authority minutes

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