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Halifax (N.S.: County). County Jail records
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1.49 m of textual records
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The County Jail was established in about 1860 directly behind the County Court House on Spring Garden Road. A joint expenditure of the City of Halifax, the Town of Dartmouth, and the County of Halifax, as of the 1950s, the facility operated until 1969 when the Halifax County Correctional Facility was built in Lower Sackville. The Halifax-Dartmouth Regional Authority took over operation of the jail and the City Prison in January 1967.
It is unclear if the jail remained in a separate building for the duration of this period or if it was moved to the basement of the Court House following renovations planned for the late 1950s or 1960s. Inmates of the County Jail included men and women either serving sentences or awaiting trial and included both criminals and debtors. Inmates also came from all levels of the court system. Individuals convicted of serious crimes were usually sent to the provincial penitentiary on the North West Arm (and then Dorchester after confederation), while short sentences were served at the City Prison. The County Jail is known to have employed a jailor, matron, turnkeys, and a visiting physician.
Scope and content
Series consists of records related to the operation of the county jail and control of its inmates. Records include prisoner committal and discharge ledgers; daily logs of the jailor; notes made by the jail's visiting physician regarding the health of inmates; lists of the property and cash of prisoners on admittance; police charge books; financial records; tenders; night guard logs; commitment books; and the names of those charged under the Nova Scotia Liquor Control Act.
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Series transferred from NSARM in 2004.
Series is arranged by type of material. All sub-series are arranged in chronological order.
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NSARM holds earlier County Gaol registers among the Halifax County Court of General Sessions of the Peace records, 1834-1880. (see RG 34-312 Series J)