Journal of Titus Smith

Title and statement of responsibility area

Title proper

Journal of Titus Smith

General material designation

Parallel title

Other title information

Title statements of responsibility

Title notes

Level of description


Reference code

Edition area

Edition statement

Edition statement of responsibility

Class of material specific details area

Statement of scale (cartographic)

Statement of projection (cartographic)

Statement of coordinates (cartographic)

Statement of scale (architectural)

Issuing jurisdiction and denomination (philatelic)

Dates of creation area


  • 1801-1833 (Creation)
    Smith, Titus

Physical description area

Physical description

3 cm of textual records

Publisher's series area

Title proper of publisher's series

Parallel titles of publisher's series

Other title information of publisher's series

Statement of responsibility relating to publisher's series

Numbering within publisher's series

Note on publisher's series

Archival description area

Name of creator


Biographical history

Titus Smith (Junior) was born in Granby, Mass. on 4 September 1768. His family, being Sandemanian pacifists, were obliged to flee from the violence of the American Revolution to Halifax, N.S. in 1783. Smith eventually settled in Dutch Village (which later became a western suburb of Halifax), where he made his living as a farmer and occasional land surveyor. He conducted botanical experiments on his farm, successfully adapting a variety of seeds to the province's harsh climate. In 1801, Smith was commissioned by the Lieutenant Governor to undertake the first exhaustive study of Nova Scotia's interior. Smith undertook three treks into the province's interior between 1801and 1802, and submitted his findings in journals which provided a highly detailed account of Nova Scotia's forests, rivers, geological features, and wildlife. The text of the journals was accompanied by Smith's sketches of the plants he encountered and one of the first reliable general maps of the province. Smith's great abilities were immediately recognized, and for the rest of his life he was frequently consulted on matters relating to botany, natural, history, agriculture, and the correct use of natural resources. He served as secretary of the province's Central Board of Agriculture from 1841 until his death, and was appointed an overseer of roads on four occassions. Smith helped to found the Halifax Mechanic's Institute, and lectured frequently before it. He contributed regular articles to several provincial newspapers, edited the Halifax newspaper Colonial Farmer, and wrote the text for highly-regarded book Wild flowers of Nova Scotia.. Smith's writings and lectures, in which he urged respect for divine providence and the rhythms of nature, won him a reputation as the "Rural Philisopher of the Dutch Village". Smith married Sarah Wisdom of Halifax in 1803. The couple had fourteen children. In the autumn of 1849, Titus Smith was stricken with jaundice and never recovered, dying on 4 January 1850 in Dutch Village.

Custodial history

Scope and content

Series forms part of Nova Scotia Commissioner of Crown Lands fonds and consists of journals Titus Smith kept while surveying Nova Scotia. Journals cover Smith's surveys of Western Nova Scotia and the Eastern Shore and Antigonish area. Along with description of land and property, the journals also provide lists of plants, grasses, shrubs, trees, and general observations about nature. Titus Smith toured the province to do this work in 1801-1802, on order of the government, to report on the suitability of lands for settlement.

Also included are:
Survey Notes 1829-1833
Receipts for Roadwork 1816-1829 (not inclusive)

Notes area

Physical condition

Immediate source of acquisition


Language of material

Script of material

Location of originals

RG 1, Vol. 380a+b. use microfilm reel 15441

Availability of other formats

Available on microfilm reel 15441. Transcripts of journals were prepared by NSA staff and can be found in RG1 Vol 380a+b

Restrictions on access

Terms governing use, reproduction, and publication

Finding aids

Associated materials

Related materials


Alternative identifier(s)

Standard number area

Standard number

Access points

Subject access points

Place access points

Name access points

Genre access points

Control area


Accession area

Related subjects

Related people and organizations

Related places

Related genres