Fonds UKC.JOUR - University of King's College School of Journalism fonds

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University of King's College School of Journalism fonds

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  • 1945 - (Creation)

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21m of textual records; approx. 200 photographs (head shots on admissions applications, primarily from 1987-1991 and 2000; class photos, faculty head shots, misc.); approximately 30 CDs containing photographs of people, places and events, and of student-created magazines; 34 framed newspaper front pages dated 1980-1981 that hung on the walls of the Journalism School during the 1980s when it was on the bottom floor of the main building (includes Daily Graphic, Daily Mail, Taifa Leo, Uhuru, Sydney Morning Herald, newspapers from India and elsewhere)

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The records in the fonds were created, received or used by the School of Journalism staff and administrators in the course of their work. The School transferred most of the records arranged and described in this project to the Archives in 2010, at the time Kelly Toughill became Director in 2010.
The primary activity of the School of Journalism is to provide education to aspiring and seasoned journalists. By training students in the art, craft and profession of informing the public about matters of public interest, the program equips its students with the abilities to work as reporters and editors in the Canadian news media (from paper to broadcast to online), and provides excellent training for careers where being able to write and speak well, interview people, research topics and puzzle things out are assets.

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The School of Journalism Fonds are divided into the following series and sub-series:

Series 1 (Founding documents. - 1945-c.2000), Subseries 1.1 (Atlantic School of Journalism and Communications records); Subseries 1.2 (School of Journalism founding records); Subseries 1.3 (School of Journalism documents).

Series 2 (Administrative records. - 31 May 1979-Apr 2006), Subseries 2.1 (Staff meeting minutes), Subseries 2.2. (Staffing records), Subseries 2.3 (Maclean-Hunter Chair), Subseries 2.4 (Facilities and equipment records), Subseries 2.5 (Financial records), Subseries 2.6 (Correspondence within the School of Journalism), Subseries 2.7 (Correspondence within University of King's College).

Series 3 (Operational records. - c.1978-3 Jan 2012), Subseries 3.1 (Director's Annual Report to the President), Subseries 3.2 (Committee records), Subseries 3.3 (Correspondence - External), Subseries 3.4 (Subject files, conferences, special events).

Series 4 (Academic records. - 1979-2012), Subseries 4.1 (Student recruitment), Subseries 4.2 (Admissions and graduation), Subseries 4.3 (Curriculum (includes Master's proposal)), Subseries 4.4 (Internships).

Series 5 (School of Journalism student records. - 1978-2008).

Series 6 (Student publications. - 17 Oct 1980-9 Feb 2012).

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  • English

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Finding aids

Finding aid for the University of King’s College School of Journalism Fonds is available on MemoryNS, as well as in-person in the King’s Library Archives.

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Further accruals expected, and accruals have occurred beyond the scope of the finding aid (post-2012).

General note

In the fall of 1945, journalism classes began at the University of King's College, Saint Mary's College (now Saint Mary's University) and Mount Saint Vincent College (now Mount Saint Vincent University), taught by editors from the Halifax Herald, the Halifax Chronicle, and Sister Maura of MSVC. The journalism programs were designed to give students a well-rounded education on various subjects; students, most of them just out of high school, could earn a diploma in journalism in three years.
By 1948, the curriculum required courses in history, French, English, economics, political science and sociology. Classes were concentrated in practical study, and over the next 10-15 years, classes related to public relations and communications were added.
By 1956,the School was self-sustaining and had received grants from Halifax Herald Ltd., the Maritime Broadcasting Co., and the Chronicle Co. Ltd. In 1957, a committee was formed to review the curriculum, and the School's Director made efforts to arrange summer positions for students with local newspapers.
By 1963, however, the School was in dire financial straits, and in 1964, the School proposed becoming part of King's to assure its continued operations, suggesting that it occupy space under the recently constructed Prince Hall; consideration was also given to locating the School in the space under the Chapel (now King's Theatrical Society's performance venue, the Pit), which had become available after Muir Gymnasium was built that year.
In 1974, President Graham Morgan began exploring the possibility of offering journalism classes in a more comprehensive program, and had a feasibility study done by Thomas, Giffen, Seaton Associates, Ltd., to explore the possibility of initiating a journalism program. A survey to determine the degree of interest was conducted in the spring of 1975, and the consultants' report was submitted to the Board of Governors in October. The study determined that the outlook was favourable, so the Board established an advisory council, engaged an academic consultant, and presented a proposal to the Maritime Provinces Higher Education Commission (MPHEC) on 1 Dec 1975, with a suggested date offall 1978 to commence operations. The President invited representatives from the local media and the Board of Governors to join the Advisory Planning Committee. The academic consultant's report was tabled in May 1976.
In 1976, King's applied to the MPHEC to institute degree-granting programs in the field of journalism. The MPHEC granted permission, and King's established two new programs in 1978: the four-year Bachelor of Journalism (Honours) (B.J.H.) degree for students with a high school diploma; and the one-year Bachelor of Journalism (B.J.) for students who already had an undergraduate degree.
The University of King's College School of Journalism opened in September 1978 with David Oancia as Director. Applications increased steadily from 1980 to 1984, although enrolment remained about the same, 20-30 students in each program, assuring quality of education through a low teacher-to-student ratio. A radio room was installed in 1980-1981, although the School continued to use Dalhousie's facilities for television production. Writing for the School's student publication, The Monitor, and editing it and laying it out for printing became mandatory for fourth-year B.J.H. and one-year B.J. students.
The School of Journalism continued to grow and develop throughout the 1980s, 1990s, and 2000s. In 2011, the School became the first university in Atlantic Canada to offer a Master of Journalism program. The M.J. is a "unique, new interdisciplinary program" emphasizing the importance of new technology in modern professional journalism: all graduates will be skilled in delivering multimedia content through websites, social media and mobile devices.30 The program has two streams: Investigative, concerned primarily with research and reporting methods, both traditional and emerging; and New Ventures, which equips students with "skills to develop a new journalism enterprise." The M.J. is a one-year degree (10 months of courses) aimed at students who already have a background in journalism. It offers skills transferable to public relations, marketing and other areas, but is billed as being "of maximal use to those who want to work in the news industry."

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